Read at : SciDevNet
Sustainable food production: Facts and Figures
- Soil damage, climate change, water and energy availability are all challenges for farming
- S&T have made key contributions to increasing food production, but new strategies are needed
- Sustainable agriculture can benefit from ‘system’ approaches and farmers’ participation
Farming must feed more people more sustainably. Zareen Bharucha looks at scientific approaches past and present.
Advances in agricultural science and technology (S&T) have contributed to remarkable increases in food production since the mid-twentieth century. Global agriculture has grown 2.5–3 times over the last 50 years.  This has let food production keep pace with human population growth so that, overall, there are enough calories produced per capita. However, progress toward reducing hunger is variable across the world (see figure 1).